Work in Progress

The relative position of women in Economics

Continued research project

Authors: Renata Narita, Paula Pereda.

This research project aims to map the relative position of women in Economics at all stages of the academic profession, from undergraduate students to a Full Professor status. Given the lack of data concerning the participation of women in Economic Departments in Brazil along the distinct stages of an academic career, this research project intends to, first, fulfill this gap by collecting secondary data, as well as primary data, through a specific survey conducted to a representative group of Brazilian departments of Economics. The main goals are to understand the evolution of female economists within the academic career in Brazil, to include the country’s findings on the international agenda about the subject, and to advance in further research prospects built upon the primary diagnosis.

 

Academic research in Economics and gender: evidence from the ANPEC and SBE meetings

Authors: Fabiana Rocha, Maria Dolores Montoya Diaz

In recent years several papers have discussed the low participation of women in the Departments of Economics. Undergraduate studies in Economics is certainly much more popular among men than women. The share of female students in graduate programs in the area is even lower. Therefore, it is not difficult to explain the small number of female professors. This research aims to investigate the problem of the underrepresentation of women in Economics by analyzing the authorship of articles presented in the two main national meetings, ANPEC and SBE. The idea is to make a temporal assessment, and also examine whether there are differences in the representation of women among sub-areas in Economics. Conference presentation is a fundamental part of the academic activity, since conferences are the natural way of giving visibility to research work. The fact that the selection of the works to be presented in ANPEC and SBE meetings is blind, and according to sub-areas allows the construction of an interesting data panel to discuss the issue.

 

The gender difference in the career of Economist in Brazil

Authors: Fabiana Rocha, Maria Dolores Montoya Diaz, Paula Pereda and Renata Narita

The objective of the article is to study the underrepresentation of women in the economics career in Brazil, through the analysis of their academic careers and their participation in the two main national congresses in economics (ANPEC and SBE). The results are similar to those found in developed countries. It is relatively more difficult for women than for men to progress in the academic career and, therefore, Brazilian universities have a low representation of women in the most advanced stages of the profession. There are also persistent gender differences in the choice of research fields. In general, women are more present in the research field of Education, Health and Economic Demography – areas commonly rated as more “feminine”.

 

 

Impacts of mismatch between education and occupation on economists’ salaries by gender.

Authors: Fabiana Rocha, Liz Matsunaga

The purpose of this article is to verify whether individuals with a degree in Economics employed in occupations related to this field earn, on average, more than those in occupations not related to Economics. The main concern is the wage penalty between men and women economists. We also analyzed the impact of graduate studies (master’s and doctoral degrees) on the salaries of graduates in Economics, as well as the differentials in terms of earnings for men and women.

 

 

Do female managers reduce the gender gap in the Brazilian labor market?

Authors: Bruna Borges, Renata Narita

This paper aims to investigate whether the share of female managers in a firm affects the gender wage gap and the hiring policies of non-managerial employees. Our paper will use ten years of matched employer-employee data on all workers of the Brazilian formal labor market, covering the period 2005-2014. The richness of our data allows us to overcome endogeneity issues,  as we control for unobserved heterogeneity among firms and workers by the inclusion of worker and firm fixed-effects.  In addition, we will estimate heterogeneous effects by sector and firm size.

 

Is marriage still worthy? An empirical analysis for Brazil.

Authors: Lorena Hakak Marçal, Paula Pereda.

This paper aims to analyze the pecuniary gain of marriage over time and to investigate if marriage is less attractive nowadays than it was in other periods. The decision of marriage is linked to traits preferences such as education, age, occupational groups, religion, ethnicity, race. The proposed paper will be an empirical exercise to estimate the material gain of marriage, considering that people have different traits. For this estimation, the methodology of McFadden’s (1974) will be used. In addition,  we are particularly interested in the evolution of positive assortative mating in education, occupational groups, religion, and race and to study these effects on the marriage market and fertility. To achieve this goal, we will test whether the assortative mating in some specific trait (education, religion, and race) has been growing over time in Brazil and their implications in family formation.